Unlikely Collaboration: Gertrude Stein, Bernard Fay, and the Vichy Dilemma Barbara Will

ISBN: 9780231152631

Published:

Paperback

274 pages


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Unlikely Collaboration: Gertrude Stein, Bernard Fay, and the Vichy Dilemma  by  Barbara Will

Unlikely Collaboration: Gertrude Stein, Bernard Fay, and the Vichy Dilemma by Barbara Will
| Paperback | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, RTF | 274 pages | ISBN: 9780231152631 | 8.52 Mb

In 1941, the Jewish American writer and avant-garde icon Gertrude Stein embarked on one of the strangest intellectual projects of her life: translating for an American audience the speeches of Marshal Philippe P?tain, head of state for theMoreIn 1941, the Jewish American writer and avant-garde icon Gertrude Stein embarked on one of the strangest intellectual projects of her life: translating for an American audience the speeches of Marshal Philippe P?tain, head of state for the collaborationist Vichy government. From 1941 to 1943, Stein translated thirty-two of P?tains speeches, in which he outlined the Vichy policy barring Jews and other foreign elements from the public sphere while calling for France to reconcile with Nazi occupiers.Unlikely Collaboration pursues troubling questions: Why and under what circumstances would Stein undertake this project?

The answers lie in Steins link to the man at the core of this controversy: Bernard Fa?, Steins apparent Vichy protector. Fa? was director of the Biblioth?que Nationale during the Vichy regime and overseer of the repression of French freemasons. He convinced P?tain to keep Stein undisturbed during the war and, in turn, encouraged her to translate P?tain for American audiences.

Yet Fa?s protection was not coercive. Stein described the thinker as her chief intellectual companion during her final years.Barbara Will outlines the formative powers of this relationship, noting possible affinities between Stein and Fa?s political and aesthetic ideals, especially their reflection in Steins writing from the late 1920s to the 1940s. Will treats their interaction as a case study of intellectual life during wartime France and an indication of Americas place in the Vichy imagination.

Her book forces a reconsideration of modernism and fascism, asking what led so many within the avant-garde toward fascist and collaborationist thought. Touching off a potential powder keg of critical dispute, Will replays a collaboration that proves essential to understanding fascism and the remaking of modern Europe.



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